Gordon C. Chang: China’s Turbulent Third Era

The history of the People’s Republic, according to the dominant narrative, falls into two broad sections, the tumultuous decades dominated by Mao Zedong, the founder of “New China”, and the time of “reform and opening up” started by successor Deng Xiaoping. And as China rose, the West engaged the country to bring it into the international community.

Now, however, the Chinese state has passed political and economic inflection points. As a result, the third era of the People’s Republic has already begun. Gordon Chang explains how in this third era, dominated by strongman Xi Jinping, other nations are struggling to develop new approaches to deal with a China moving in deeply troubling directions.


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Through nationally relevant and locally nuanced discussions, presentations and performances, the festival seeks to spur its participants to action on issues affecting Canadians. Feisty, multi-partisan, forward-looking, and solution-driven, this national railway of ideas will provide Canada with vital new cultural infrastructure for the 21st century.

Founded in 2013, the festival has already grown from three to five Canadian cities, with plans for further expansion across the country. Produced by the Literary Review of Canada in partnership with Diaspora Dialogues, Spur prides itself on its community partnerships, cultural connections and a focus on accessibility and diversity.

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